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Title: EBSD analysis of magnesium addition on inclusion formation in SS400 structural steel

In this study, the effect of magnesium addition on the inclusion formation in SS400 steel was investigated. The experimental specimens with and without Mg addition treatment were compared. The microstructure was observed using optical microscopy after etching with 3% nital. The morphology and chemical composition of the inclusions were analyzed via scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry. The lattice structure and orientation of the inclusions were identified by electron backscattering diffraction. The average size of inclusions in SS400 was between 0.67 and 0.75 μm, and between 0.65 and 0.68 μm in SS400 + Mg. The 2 ppm Mg addition resulted in the oxide formation change from Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} to MgO·Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and in the inclusion formation change from Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–MnS to MgO·Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–MnS. Moreover, a simple-phase MnS with an average grain size of 1 μm to 2 μm was observed in rod-like, globular, and polyhedron forms. - Highlights: • The effect of magnesium addition was investigated for SS400 steel. • 2 ppm Mg addition changes the inclusion formation from Al2O3-MnS to MgO·Al2O3-MnS. • MnS observed in inclusions exhibits rod-like, globular, and polyhedron forms.
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University, No. 1, University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China)
  2. China Steel Corporation, Kaohsiung 81233, Taiwan (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22285069
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Materials Characterization; Journal Volume: 82; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; BACKSCATTERING; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; ELECTRON DIFFRACTION; ETCHING; GRAIN SIZE; MAGNESIUM ADDITIONS; MANGANESE SULFIDES; RODS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; STEELS