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Title: Interfacial oxygen migration and its effect on the magnetic anisotropy in Pt/Co/MgO/Pt films

This paper reports the interfacial oxygen migration effect and its induced magnetic anisotropy evolution in Pt/Co/MgO/Pt films. During depositing the MgO layer, oxygen atoms from the MgO combine with the neighboring Co atoms, leading to the formation of CoO at the Co/MgO interface. Meanwhile, the films show in-plane magnetic anisotropy (IMA). After annealing, most of the oxygen atoms in CoO migrate back to the MgO layer, resulting in obvious improvement of Co/MgO interface and the enhancement of effective Co-O orbital hybridization. These favor the evolution of magnetic anisotropy from IMA to perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA). The oxygen migration effect is achieved by the redox reaction at the Co/MgO interface. On the contrary, the transfer from IMA to PMA cannot be observed in Pt/Co/Pt films due to the lack of interfacial oxygen migration.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Materials Physics and Chemistry, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China)
  2. Analytical and Testing Center, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)
  3. State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22283245
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANISOTROPY; ANNEALING; COBALT; COBALT OXIDES; INTERFACES; LAYERS; MAGNESIUM OXIDES; OXYGEN; PLATINUM; THIN FILMS