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Title: Highly efficient inverted top emitting organic light emitting diodes using a transparent top electrode with color stability on viewing angle

We report a highly efficient phosphorescent green inverted top emitting organic light emitting diode with excellent color stability by using the 1,4,5,8,9,11-hexaazatriphenylene-hexacarbonitrile/indium zinc oxide top electrode and bis(2-phenylpyridine)iridium(III) acetylacetonate as the emitter in an exciplex forming co-host system. The device shows a high external quantum efficiency of 23.4% at 1000 cd/m{sup 2} corresponding to a current efficiency of 110 cd/A, low efficiency roll-off with 21% at 10 000 cd/m{sup 2} and low turn on voltage of 2.4 V. Especially, the device showed very small color change with the variation of Δx = 0.02, Δy = 0.02 in the CIE 1931 coordinates as the viewing angle changes from 0° to 60°. The performance of the device is superior to that of the metal/metal cavity structured device.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22283143
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Applied Physics Letters; Journal Volume: 104; Journal Issue: 7; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; COLOR; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; ELECTRODES; INDIUM COMPOUNDS; IRIDIUM COMPOUNDS; LIGHT EMITTING DIODES; ORGANIC NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; PHASE STABILITY; PHOSPHORESCENCE; QUANTUM EFFICIENCY; ZINC OXIDES