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Title: Maps of CMB lensing deflection from N-body simulations in Coupled Dark Energy Cosmologies

We produce lensing potential and deflection-angle maps in order to simulate the weak gravitational lensing of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) via ray-tracing through the COupled Dark Energy Cosmological Simulations (CoDECS), the largest suite of N-body simulations to date for interacting Dark Energy cosmologies. The constructed maps faithfully reflect the N-body cosmic structures on a range of scales going from the arcminute to the degree scale, limited only by the resolution and extension of the simulations. We investigate the variation of the lensing pattern due to the underlying Dark Energy (DE) dynamics, characterised by different background and perturbation behaviours as a consequence of the interaction between the DE field and Cold Dark Matter (CDM). In particular, we study in detail the results from three cosmological models differing in the background and perturbations evolution at the epoch in which the lensing cross section is most effective, corresponding to a redshift of ∼ 1, with the purpose to isolate their imprints in the lensing observables, regardless of the compatibility of these models with present constraints. The scenarios investigated here include a reference ΛCDM cosmology, a standard coupled DE (cDE) scenario, and a ''bouncing'' cDE scenario. For the standard cDE scenario, we findmore » that typical differences in the lensing potential result from two effects: the enhanced growth of linear CDM density fluctuations with respect to the ΛCDM case, and the modified nonlinear dynamics of collapsed structures induced by the DE-CDM interaction. As a consequence, CMB lensing highlights the DE impact in the cosmological expansion, even in the degenerate case where the amplitude of the linear matter density perturbations, parametrised through σ{sub 8}, is the same in both the standard cDE and ΛCDM cosmologies. For the ''bouncing'' scenario, we find that the two opposite behaviours of the lens density contrast and of the matter abundance lead to a counter-intuitive effect, making the power of the lensing signal in this model lower by 10% than in the ΛCDM scenario. Moreover, we compare the behaviour of CDM and baryons in CoDECS separately, in order to isolate effects coming from the coupling with the DE component. We find that, in the bouncing scenario, baryons show an opposite trend with respect to CDM, due to the coupling of the latter with the DE component. These results confirm the relevance of CMB lensing as a probe for DE at the early stages of cosmic acceleration, and demonstrate the reliability of N-body based large scale CMB lensing simulations in the context of DE studies.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Via Bianchi 46, I-23807 Merate (Italy)
  2. Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Bologna, Viale B. Pichat 6/2, I-40127 Bologna (Italy)
  3. Département de Physique Théorique and Center for Astroparticle Physics, Université de Genève, 24 quai Ernest Ansermet, CH–1211 Genève 4 (Switzerland)
  4. SISSA, Via Bonomea 265, Trieste, I-34136 (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22282751
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2013; Journal Issue: 09; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; BARYONS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COSMOLOGICAL CONSTANT; COSMOLOGICAL MODELS; COSMOLOGY; COUPLING; CROSS SECTIONS; DENSITY; EXPANSION; FLUCTUATIONS; GRAVITATIONAL LENSES; LIMITING VALUES; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; PERTURBATION THEORY; POTENTIALS; RED SHIFT; RELICT RADIATION