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Title: Rayleigh scattering: blue sky thinking for future CMB observations

Rayleigh scattering from neutral hydrogen during and shortly after recombination causes the CMB anisotropies to be significantly frequency dependent at high frequencies. This may be detectable with Planck, and would be a strong signal in any future space-based CMB missions. The later peak of the Rayleigh visibility compared to Thomson scattering gives an increased large-scale CMB polarization signal that is a greater than 4% effect for observed frequencies ν ∼> 500GHz. There is a similar magnitude suppression on small scales from additional damping. Due to strong correlation between the Rayleigh and primary signal, measurement of the Rayleigh component is limited by noise and foregrounds, not cosmic variance of the primary CMB, and should observable over a wide range of angular scales at frequencies 200GHz ∼< ν ∼< 800GHz. I give new numerical calculations of the temperature and polarization power spectra, and show that future CMB missions could measure the temperature Rayleigh cross-spectrum at high precision, detect the polarization from Rayleigh scattering, and also accurately determine the cross-spectra between the Rayleigh temperature signal and primary polarization. The Rayleigh scattering signal may provide a powerful consistency check on recombination physics. In principle it can be used to measure additional horizon-scale primordial perturbationmore » modes at recombination, and distinguish a significant tensor mode B-polarization signal from gravitational lensing at the power spectrum level.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9QH (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22282745
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2013; Journal Issue: 08; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ANISOTROPY; ASTROPHYSICS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CORRELATIONS; ENERGY SPECTRA; FREQUENCY DEPENDENCE; GRAVITATIONAL LENSES; HYDROGEN; PERTURBATION THEORY; POLARIZATION; RAYLEIGH SCATTERING; RECOMBINATION; RELICT RADIATION; TENSORS; THOMSON SCATTERING