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Title: Virialisation-induced curvature as a physical explanation for dark energy

The geometry of the dark energy and cold dark matter dominated cosmological model (ΛCDM) is commonly assumed to be given by a Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) metric, i.e. it assumes homogeneity in the comoving spatial section. The homogeneity assumption fails most strongly at (i) small distance scales and (ii) recent epochs, implying that the FLRW approximation is most likely to fail at these scales. We use the virialisation fraction to quantify (i) and (ii), which approximately coincide with each other on the observational past light cone. For increasing time, the virialisation fraction increases above 10% at about the same redshift ( ∼ 1–3) at which Ω{sub Λ} grows above 10% ( ≈ 1.8). Thus, instead of non-zero Ω{sub Λ}, we propose an approximate, general-relativistic correction to the matter-dominated (Ω{sub m}; = 1,Ω{sub Λ} = 0), homogeneous metric (Einstein-de Sitter, EdS). A low-redshift effective matter-density parameter of Ω{sub m}{sup eff}(0) = 0.26±0.05 is inferred. Over redshifts 0 < z < 3, the distance modulus of the virialisation-corrected EdS model approximately matches the ΛCDM distance modulus. This rough approximation assumes ''old physics'' (general relativity), not ''new physics''. Thus, pending more detailed calculations, we strengthen the claim that ''dark energy'' should be considered as anmore » artefact of emerging average curvature in the void-dominated Universe, via a novel approach that quantifies the relation between virialisation and average curvature evolution.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Toruń Centre for Astronomy, Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Informatics, Nicolaus Copernicus University, ul. Gagarina 11, Toruń, 87–100 Poland (Poland)
  2. Université de Lyon, Observatoire de Lyon, Centre de Recherche Astrophysique de Lyon, CNRS UMR 5574: Université Lyon 1 and École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, 9 avenue Charles André, Saint-Genis-Laval, F–69230 France (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22282608
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; Journal Volume: 2013; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; APPROXIMATIONS; CORRECTIONS; COSMOLOGICAL CONSTANT; COSMOLOGICAL MODELS; DE SITTER GROUP; DE SITTER SPACE; DENSITY; GENERAL RELATIVITY THEORY; LIGHT CONE; METRICS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; RED SHIFT; RELATIVISTIC RANGE; UNIVERSE