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Title: Designing high power targets with computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

High power liquid hydrogen (LH2) targets, up to 850 W, have been widely used at Jefferson Lab for the 6 GeV physics program. The typical luminosity loss of a 20 cm long LH2 target was 20% for a beam current of 100 μA rastered on a square of side 2 mm on the target. The 35 cm long, 2500 W LH2 target for the Qweak experiment had a luminosity loss of 0.8% at 180 μA beam rastered on a square of side 4 mm at the target. The Qweak target was the highest power liquid hydrogen target in the world and with the lowest noise figure. The Qweak target was the first one designed with CFD at Jefferson Lab. A CFD facility is being established at Jefferson Lab to design, build and test a new generation of low noise high power targets.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22280693
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1563; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Workshop to explore physics opportunities with intense, polarized electron beams at 50-300 MeV, Cambridge, MA (United States), 14-16 Mar 2013; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; BEAM CURRENTS; BEAM LUMINOSITY; CEBAF ACCELERATOR; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DESIGN; FLUID MECHANICS; GEV RANGE; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN 1 TARGET; LIQUIDS; NOISE; PARTICLE LOSSES; POLARIZED BEAMS; POLARIZED TARGETS; TARGET CHAMBERS