skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: High precision measurement of the proton charge radius: The PRad experiment

The recent high precision measurements of the proton charge radius performed at PSI from muonic hydrogen Lamb shift puzzled the hadronic physics community. A value of 0.8418 ± 0.0007 fm was extracted which is 7σ smaller than the previous determinations obtained from electron-proton scattering experiments and based on precision spectroscopy of electronic hydrogen. An additional extraction of the proton charge radius from electron scattering at Mainz is also in good agreement with these 'electronic' determinations. An independent measurement of the proton charge radius from unpolarized elastic ep scattering using a magnetic spectrometer free method was proposed and fully approved at Jefferson Laboratory in June 2012. This novel technique uses the high precision calorimeter HyCal and a windowless hydrogen gas target which makes possible the extraction of the charge radius at very forward angles and thus very low momentum transfer Q{sup 2} up to 10{sup −4} (GeV/c){sup 2} with an unprecedented sub-percent precision for this type of experiment. In this paper, after a review of the recent progress on the proton charge radius extraction and the new high precision experiment PRad will be presented.
Authors:
 [1] ;
  1. Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22280675
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1563; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: Workshop to explore physics opportunities with intense, polarized electron beams at 50-300 MeV, Cambridge, MA (United States), 14-16 Mar 2013; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; ACCURACY; CEBAF ACCELERATOR; ELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY; ELECTRON-PROTON INTERACTIONS; ELECTRONS; FOUR MOMENTUM TRANSFER; GEV RANGE; HYDROGEN; LAMB SHIFT; MAGNETIC SPECTROMETERS; PARTICLE RADII; PARTICLE STRUCTURE; PROTONS; SCATTERING