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Title: Decoding the message from meteoritic stardust silicon carbide grains

SiC mainstream grains are presolar grains believed to form in the envelopes of carbon rich asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars with masses between 1.5 and 3 solar masses. These grains represent a conundrum as the {sup 29}Si and {sup 30}Si abundances indicate that they formed in stars of super-solar metallicity, before the solar system formed. To shed light on this problem, we use silicon isotopic abundances to derive an age-metallicity relation for the stars believed to have produced the SiC mainstream grains. For 2732 mainstream SiC grains listed in the Presolar Grain Database, we use the {sup 29}Si abundances with the latest galactic chemical evolution (GCE) models to derive [Fe/H], and {sup 30}Si abundances along with the models of Zinner et al. (2006) to determine an approximate birth age for the parent AGB star. Comparing our age-metallicity relation with observational relationships derived for nearby stars, we find that the spread of [Fe/H] is in agreement, but the mean [Fe/H] in our relation is higher by 0.2 dex. We propose that this difference is because stars with higher [Fe/H] produce more dust and thus are over-represented in our age metallicity diagram, a finding consistent with previous published works. This result offersmore » a solution for the long-standing problem of silicon in Stardust SiC grains, confirms the necessity of coupling chemistry and dynamics in simulations of the chemical evolution of our Galaxy, and constrains the modelling of dust condensation in stellar winds as a function of the metallicity.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. Monash Centre for Astrophysics (MoCA), Monash University, Clayton VIC 3800, Australia and Earth-Life Science Institute (ELSI), Tokyo Institute of Technology, Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 152-8550 (Japan)
  2. Monash Centre for Astrophysics (MoCA), Monash University, Clayton VIC 3800 (Australia)
  3. Monash Centre for Astrophysics (MoCA), Monash University, Clayton VIC 3800, Australia and Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22280477
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1594; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: OMEG12: 12. international symposium on origin of matter and evolution of galaxies, Tsukuba (Japan), 18-21 Nov 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; CARBON; COSMIC DUST; ELEMENT ABUNDANCE; GALACTIC EVOLUTION; GIANT STARS; IRON; MILKY WAY; SILICON; SILICON 29; SILICON 30; SILICON CARBIDES; SOLAR SYSTEM; STELLAR WINDS