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Title: Primordial nucleosynthesis: A cosmological point of view

Primordial nucleosynthesis remains as one of the pillars of modern cosmology. It is the test-ing ground upon which all cosmological models must ultimately rest. It is our only probe of the universe during the first few minutes of cosmic expansion and in particular during the important radiation-dominated epoch. These lectures review the basic equations of space-time, cosmology, and big bang nucleosynthesis. We will then review the current state of observational constraints on primordial abundances along with the key nuclear reactions and their uncertainties. We summarize which nuclear measure-ments are most crucial during the big bang. We also review various cosmological models and their constraints. In particular, we summarize the constraints that big bang nucleosynthesis places upon the possible time variation of fundamental constants, along with constraints on the nature and origin of dark matter and dark energy, long-lived supersymmetric particles, gravity waves, and the primordial magnetic field.
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. University of Notre Dame, Center for Astrophysics/JINA, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA and Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)
  2. Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)
  3. School of Liberal Arts and Science, Korea Aerospace University, Goyang 412-791, Korea and Department of Physics, Soongsil University, Seoul 156-743 (Korea, Republic of)
  4. Department of Physics, Soongsil University, Seoul 156-743 (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22280374
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1595; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 7. European summer school on experimental nuclear astrophysics, Santa Tecla, Sicily (Italy), 15-17 Sep 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; COSMOLOGICAL MODELS; COSMOLOGY; ELEMENT ABUNDANCE; FUNDAMENTAL CONSTANTS; GRAVITATIONAL WAVES; LIMITING VALUES; MAGNETIC FIELDS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; NUCLEAR REACTIONS; NUCLEOSYNTHESIS; REVIEWS; SPACE-TIME; SPARTICLES; UNIVERSE