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Title: Graphene oxide-silica nanohybrids as fillers for PA6 based nanocomposites

Graphene oxide (GO) was prepared by oxidation of graphite flakes by a mixture of H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}/H{sub 3}PO{sub 4} and KMnO{sub 4} based on Marcano's method. Two different masterbatches containing GO (33.3%) and polyamide-6 (PA6) (66.7%) were prepared both via solvent casting in formic acid and by melt mixing in a mini-extruder (Haake). The two masterbatches were then used to prepare PA6-based nanocomposites with a content of 2% in GO. For comparison, a nanocomposite by direct mixing of PA6 and GO (2%) and PA6/graphite nanocomposites were prepared, too. The oxidation of graphite into GO was assessed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Micro-Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses. All these techniques demonstrated the effectiveness of the graphite modification, since the results put into evidence that, after the acid treatment, interlayer distance, oxygen content and defects increased. SEM micrographs carried out on the nanocomposites, showed GO layers totally surrounded by polyamide-6, this feature is likely due to the strong interaction between the hydrophilic moieties located both on GO and on PA6. On the contrary, no interactions were observed when graphite was used as filler. Mechanical characterization, carried out by tensile and dynamic-mechanical tests, marked an improvement of themore » mechanical properties observed. Photoluminescence and EPR measurements were carried out onto nanoparticles and nanocomposites to study the nature of the interactions and to assess the possibility to use this class of materials as semiconductors or optical sensors.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ; ;  [4]
  1. Department of Civil, Environmental, Aerospace, Materials Engineering, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed. 6, 90128, Palermo, Italy and STEBICEF, Section of Biology and Chemistry, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Parco d'Orleans (Italy)
  2. Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Gestionale, Informatica, Meccanica, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed. 6, 90128, Palermo (Italy)
  3. Department of Civil, Environmental, Aerospace, Materials Engineering, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Ed. 6, 90128, Palermo (Italy)
  4. STEBICEF, Section of Biology and Chemistry, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, Parco d'Orleans II, 90128 Palermo (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22280354
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1599; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: 7. international conference on times of polymers (TOP) and composites, Ischia (Italy), 22-26 Jun 2014; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE; FILLERS; FORMIC ACID; GRAPHENE; GRAPHITE; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; MECHANICAL TESTS; NANOSTRUCTURES; OXIDATION; OXIDES; PHOSPHORIC ACID; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; POLYAMIDES; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SILICA; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY