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Title: Emodin attenuates high glucose-induced TGF-β1 and fibronectin expression in mesangial cells through inhibition of NF-κB pathway

The activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and the subsequent overexpression of its downstream targets transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and fibronectin (FN) are among the hallmarks for the progressive diabetic nephropathy. Our previous studies demonstrated that emodin ameliorated renal injury and inhibited extracellular matrix accumulation in kidney and mesangial cells under diabetic condition. However, the molecular mechanism has not been fully elucidated. Here, we showed that emodin significantly attenuated high glucose-induced NF-κB nuclear translocation in mesangial cells. Interestingly, emodin also inhibited the DNA-binding activity and transcriptional activity of NF-κB. Furthermore, NF-κB-mediated TGF-β1 and FN expression was significantly decreased by emodin. These results demonstrated that emodin suppressed TGF-β1 and FN overexpression through inhibition of NF-κB activation, suggesting that emodin-mediated inhibition of the NF-κB pathway could protect against diabetic nephropathy. - Highlights: • Emodin decreased high glucose-induced p65 phosphorylation in MCs. • Emodin decreased high glucose-induced IκB-α degradation in MCs. • Emodin decreased high glucose-induced p65 translocation in MCs. • Emodin blocked high glucose-induced NF-κB activity. • Emodin blocked high glucose-induced the expression of TGF-β1 and FN.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi (China)
  2. Department of Physiology, School of Basic Courses, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China)
  3. Vascular Biology Research Institute, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou (China)
  4. Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Science, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22278203
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Experimental Cell Research; Journal Volume: 319; Journal Issue: 20; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; DNA; ELECTROPHORESIS; GLUCOSE; GROWTH FACTORS; KIDNEYS; PHOSPHORYLATION