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Title: Chemical post-treatment and thermoelectric properties of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxylthiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) thin films

We report on the modification of the thermoelectric properties of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxylthiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) thin films by means of a simple post treatment of the solid thin films realized by drop-coating. We show that the organic polar solvents, dimethyl sulfoxide and ethylene glycol as secondary dopants for PEDOT:PSS, only affect the film morphology for which a high electrical conductivity is observed. In contrast, ethanolamine (MEA) and ammonia solutions are reduction agents that improve the density of PEDOT chains in the reduced forms (polaron and neutral states), resulting in the trade-off between Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity. Furthermore, we show that the nature of amines determines the reduction degree: the nitrogen lone pair electrons in MEA are easier to be donated than those in ammonia solution and will therefore neutralize the PEDOT chains.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ; ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [5]
  1. Center for Microtechnologies, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Reichenhainer Str. 70, Chemnitz D-09107 (Germany)
  2. Fraunhofer Institute for Electro Nano Systems (ENAS), Technologie-Campus 3, Chemnitz D-09107 (Germany)
  3. Semiconductor Physics, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Reichenhainer Str. 70, Chemnitz D-09107 (Germany)
  4. Solid Surfaces Analysis, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Reichenhainer Str. 70, Chemnitz D-09107 (Germany)
  5. (ENAS), Technologie-Campus 3, Chemnitz D-09107 (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22278114
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; AMINES; AMMONIA; DMSO; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTRONS; GLYCOLS; MORPHOLOGY; POLYSTYRENE; SULFONATES; THERMOELECTRIC PROPERTIES; THIN FILMS