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Title: Quasi-continuum photoluminescence: Unusual broad spectral and temporal characteristics found in defective surfaces of silica and other materials

We previously reported a novel photoluminescence (PL) with a distribution of fast decay times in fused silica surface flaws that is correlated with damage propensity by high fluence lasers. The source of the PL was not attributable to any known silica point defect. Due to its broad spectral and temporal features, we here give this PL the name quasi-continuum PL (QC-PL) and describe the features of QC-PL in more detail. The primary features of QC-PL include broad excitation and emission spectra, a broad distribution of PL lifetimes from 20 ps to 5‚ÄČns, continuous shifts in PL lifetime distributions with respect to emission wavelength, and a propensity to photo-bleach and photo-brighten. We found similar PL characteristics in surface flaws of other optical materials, including CaF{sub 2}, DKDP, and quartz. Based on the commonality of the features in different optical materials and the proximity of QC-PL to surfaces, we suggest that these properties arise from interactions associated with high densities of defects, rather than a distribution over a large number of types of defects and is likely found in a wide variety of structures from nano-scale composites to bulk structures as well as in both broad and narrow band materials from dielectricsmore » to semiconductors.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. Physical and Life Sciences and National Ignition Facility, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22278013
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; CALCIUM FLUORIDES; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; EMISSION SPECTRA; ENERGY GAP; EXCITATION; LASER RADIATION; LIFETIME; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; POINT DEFECTS; QUARTZ; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; SILICA; SURFACES