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Title: Electro-optically responsive composites of gold nanospheres in 5CB liquid crystal under direct current and alternating current joint action

Direct current (DC) electro-optical (EO) control of transmitted laser beam intensity based on EO controlled coherent light scattering and diffraction by stationary longitudinal texture pattern (LTP) is achieved in planar-oriented cells with a composite mixture of polymer-coated gold spherical nanoparticles (Au-NPs) with a mean diameter of about 12 nm and the room-temperature nematic pentylcyanobiphenyl (5CB). At relatively low DC voltage of about 5 V, the effective scattering/diffraction by Au-NPs/5CB composites leads to a spatial spreading of transmitted coherent light from a low-power continuous wave laser beam, resulting in a drastic reduction of its local intensity. The effect is polarization dependent and is strongest when the polarization of the input laser beam is along the LTP. The EO response of Au-NPs/5CB mixtures is studied under DC and alternating current (AC) joint action with the aim of the potential use of these composite materials as EO controlled diffusers. The specific V-shaped sharp dip in the DC voltage-dependent coherent light transmittance of Au-NPs/5CB planar films, as well as the possibility for erasing the scattering/diffractive LTP in the films by joint low AC voltage, can be useful for EO applications in the field of process control and for detection of weak dynamic electric fields.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [4]
  1. Institute of Solid State Physics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia 1784 (Bulgaria)
  2. Dipartimento di Fisica, Università della Calabria, Via Pietro Bucci, Cubo 31C, 87036 Rende (CS) (Italy)
  3. CNR-IPCF UoS di Cosenza, Licryl Laboratory, and Centro di Eccellenza CEMIF.CAL, Università della Calabria, 87036 Rende (CS) (Italy)
  4. (CS) (Italy)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22277992
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 8; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ALTERNATING CURRENT; COMPOSITE MATERIALS; DIFFRACTION; DIRECT CURRENT; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; GOLD; LIGHT SCATTERING; LIQUID CRYSTALS; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARTICLES; POLARIZATION; POLYMERS; PROCESS CONTROL; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; TEXTURE; THIN FILMS