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Title: Temperature dependence of the energy bandgap of two-dimensional hexagonal boron nitride probed by excitonic photoluminescence

Hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) is an emerging material for the exploration of new physics in two-dimensional (2D) systems that are complementary to graphene. Nanotubes with a diameter (∼60 nm) that is much larger than the exciton binding energy in hBN have been synthesized and utilized to probe the fundamental optical transitions and the temperature dependence of the energy bandgap of the corresponding 2D hBN sheets. An excitonic transition at 5.901 eV and its longitudinal optical phonon replica at 5.735 eV were observed. The excitonic emission line is blue shifted by about 130 meV with respect to that in hBN bulk crystals due to the effects of reduced dimensionality. The temperature evolution of the excitonic emission line measured from 300 to 800 K revealed that the temperature coefficient of the energy bandgap of hBN nanotubes with large diameters (or equivalently hBN sheets) is about 0.43 meV/{sup 0}K, which is a factor of about 5 times smaller than the theoretically predicted value for the transitions between the π and π* bands in hBN bulk crystals and 6 times smaller than the measured value in AlN epilayers with a comparable energy bandgap. The observed weaker temperature dependence of the bandgap than those in 3D hBN and AlN is amore » consequence of the effects of reduced dimensionality in layer-structured hBN.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States)
  2. Department of Chemical Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas 66506-5102 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22277955
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 5; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM NITRIDES; BINDING ENERGY; BORON NITRIDES; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CRYSTALS; ENERGY GAP; GRAPHENE; HEXAGONAL LATTICES; LAYERS; NANOTUBES; PHONONS; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE