skip to main content

Title: Optical switching and photoluminescence in erbium-implanted vanadium dioxide thin films

Vanadium dioxide (VO{sub 2}) is under intensive consideration for optical switching due to its reversible phase transition, which features a drastic and rapid shift in infrared reflectivity. Classified as an insulator–to–metal transition, the phase transition in VO{sub 2} can be induced thermally, electrically, and optically. When induced optically, the transition can occur on sub-picosecond time scales. It is interesting to dope VO{sub 2} with erbium ions (Er{sup 3+}) and observe their combined properties. The first excited-state luminescence of Er{sup 3+} lies within the wavelength window of minimal transmission-loss in silicon and has been widely utilized for signal amplification and generation in silicon photonics. The incorporation of Er{sup 3+} into VO{sub 2} could therefore result in a novel photonic material capable of simultaneous optical switching and amplification. In this work, we investigate the optical switching and photoluminescence in Er-implanted VO{sub 2} thin films. Thermally driven optical switching is demonstrated in the Er-implanted VO{sub 2} by infrared reflectometry. Photoluminescence is observed in the thin films annealed at ∼800 °C or above. In addition, Raman spectroscopy and a statistical analysis of switching hysteresis are carried out to assess the effects of the ion implantation on the VO{sub 2} thin films. We conclude that Er-implantedmore » VO{sub 2} can function as an optical switch and amplifier, but with reduced switching quality compared to pure VO{sub 2}.« less
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3010 (Australia)
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22277929
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 9; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; AMPLIFICATION; ANNEALING; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; ERBIUM IONS; EXCITED STATES; HYSTERESIS; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY; REFLECTIVITY; SILICON; THIN FILMS; VANADIUM OXIDES