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Title: Surface potential at a ferroelectric grain due to asymmetric screening of depolarization fields

Nonlinear screening of electric depolarization fields, generated by a stripe domain structure in a ferroelectric grain of a polycrystalline material, is studied within a semiconductor model of ferroelectrics. It is shown that the maximum strength of local depolarization fields is rather determined by the electronic band gap than by the spontaneous polarization magnitude. Furthermore, field screening due to electronic band bending and due to presence of intrinsic defects leads to asymmetric space charge regions near the grain boundary, which produce an effective dipole layer at the surface of the grain. This results in the formation of a potential difference between the grain surface and its interior of the order of 1 V, which can be of either sign depending on defect transition levels and concentrations. Exemplary acceptor doping of BaTiO{sub 3} is shown to allow tuning of the said surface potential in the region between 0.1 and 1.3 V.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany)
  2. Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg (Sweden)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22277904
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 10; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ASYMMETRY; BARIUM COMPOUNDS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DEPOLARIZATION; DIPOLES; DOMAIN STRUCTURE; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; GRAIN BOUNDARIES; LAYERS; POLARIZATION; POLYCRYSTALS; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; SPACE CHARGE; SURFACE POTENTIAL; SURFACES; TITANATES