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Title: Preparation and thermal stability of the spindle α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} core–shell nanoparticles

The spindle α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} core–shell nanoparticles (NPs) are prepared via hydrothermal synthesis and modified Stöber method. During these processes, shell thicknesses could be easily adjusted by the amount of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), and the formation of core-free SiO{sub 2} could be effectively avoided. The structures and compositions of α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} NPs are investigated by transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) absorption spectroscopy. These results reveal that the α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} NPs with certain sizes are monodisperse and homogeneous. To estimate the thermal stability, the α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} and SiO{sub 2} NPs are annealed at 600, 800 and 1000 °C for 1 h under air atmosphere, respectively. Furthermore, the stabilities of these NPs are confirmed by thermal analysis methods. The structure and shape stabilities of these as-prepared α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} NPs are investigated by XRD and scanning electron microscope (SEM). -- Graphical abstract: Schematic of preparation of the monodisperse spindle α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles (NPs). Highlights: • The spindle α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} nanoparticles (NPs) are successfully prepared by hydrothermal synthesis and modified Stöber method. • Optical properties are estimated andmore » calculated by UV vis absorption spectrum. • Thermal stability of the α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} and SiO{sub 2} NPs are compared and analyzed by the SEM technique. • The structural changes of α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}@SiO{sub 2} NPs are measured by XRD measurement.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin (China)
  2. Center for Composite Materials, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin (China)
  3. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22275848
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 211; Journal Issue: Complete; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ANNEALING; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; FERRITES; FOURIER TRANSFORM SPECTROMETERS; FOURIER TRANSFORMATION; HEMATITE; HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS; INFRARED SPECTRA; IRON OXIDES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARTICLES; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SILICA; SILICON OXIDES; STABILITY; THICKNESS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; X-RAY DIFFRACTION