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Title: Crystal structure, oxidation state and magnetism of Sr{sub x}La{sub 2−x}Cu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4} (x=1, 1.5)

Sr{sub x}La{sub 2−x}Cu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4} (x=1, 1.5) oxides with K{sub 2}NiF{sub 4}-type structure were prepared by solid state reaction and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, magnetic and electrical resistivity measurements. The SrLaCu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4} phase was obtained for the first time with a negligible amount of impurities. The octahedral Cu/RuO{sub 6} units are more elongated in SrLaCu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4} than in Sr{sub 1.5}La{sub 0.5}Cu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4} indicating a greater extent of static Jahn–Teller distortion. XPS suggests that mixed ion pairs Ru{sup 5+}/Ru{sup 4+}↔Cu{sup +}/Cu{sup 2+} are present in SrLaCu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4}, while Ru remains as Ru{sup 5+} and Cu as Cu{sup 2+} in Sr{sub 1.5}La{sub 0.5}Cu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4}. Both samples show spin-glass behavior, which can be explained by competition between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic superexchange interactions. The negative Weiss temperature estimated for SrLaCu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4}, −318 K, is significantly lower than −11.5 K deduced for Sr{sub 1.5}La{sub 0.5}Cu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4} which may be related to the higher static Jahn–Teller distortion in the former oxide. -- Graphical abstract: SrLaCu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4} with K{sub 2}NiF{sub 4}-type structure show a larger static Jahn–Teller distortion than Sr{sub 1.5}La{sub 0.5}Cu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4}, whichmore » may be related to stronger antiferromagnetic superexchange interactions. Highlights: • SrLaCu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4} (I) larger Jahn–Teller (J–T) distortion than Sr{sub 1.5}La{sub 0.5}Cu{sub 0.5}Ru{sub 0.5}O{sub 4} (II). • Octahedral Cu/RuO{sub 6} units are more elongated in I than in II. • Mixed ion pairs Ru{sup 5+}/Ru{sup 4+}↔Cu{sup +}/Cu{sup 2+} are present in I, while Ru remains as Ru{sup 5+} and Cu as Cu{sup 2+} in II. • Negative Weiss temperature of I significantly lower, consistent with higher J–T distortion.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Resource Utilization, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022 (China)
  2. IST/ITN, Instituto Superior Técnico, Univ Técnica de Lisboa, CFMC-UL, EN 10, 2686-953 Sacavém (Portugal)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22275839
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 211; Journal Issue: Complete; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; COMPETITION; COPPER IONS; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; IMPURITIES; INTERACTIONS; ION PAIRS; OXIDES; POWDERS; RUTHENIUM IONS; SOLIDS; SPIN GLASS STATE; VALENCE; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; X-RAY PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY