skip to main content

Title: Photovoltaic effect of lead-free (Na{sub 0.82}K{sub 0.18}){sub 0.5}Bi{sub 4.5}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 15} ferroelectric thin film using Pt and indium tin oxide top electrodes

We have grown a Bi-layer structure (Na{sub 0.82}K{sub 0.18}){sub 0.5}Bi{sub 4.5}Ti{sub 4}O{sub 15} (NKBiT) ferroelectric thin film on Pt(111)/TiO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}/Si(100) substrate by using the chemical solution deposition method and deposited two kinds of thin Pt and indium tin oxide (ITO) top electrodes. The photovoltaic behaviors of Pt/NKBiT/Pt and ITO/NKBit/Pt capacitors were investigated over the wavelength range of 300–500 nm. When NKBiT thin film is illuminated by the corresponding wavelength of the film's energy band gap (E{sub g}), a photocurrent is generated due to the Schottky barrier between electrode and film, and an internal electric field is originated by the depolarization field. The maximum photocurrent density and power conversion efficiency of the ITO/NKBiT/Pt capacitor in the poled-up state are obtained as 45.75 nA/cm{sup 2} and 0.035%, respectively, at 352 nm. The photocurrent density and power conversion efficiency of the ITO/NKBiT/Pt capacitor increased to 3.5 times higher than that of the Pt/NKBiT/Pt capacitor.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics and Energy Harvest-Storage Research Center (EHSRC), University of Ulsan, Ulsan 680-749 (Korea, Republic of)
  2. Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology, Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22275703
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 3; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; BISMUTH COMPOUNDS; CAPACITORS; DEPOLARIZATION; DEPOSITION; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ENERGY CONVERSION; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; LAYERS; PHOTOVOLTAIC EFFECT; PLATINUM; POTASSIUM COMPOUNDS; SILICON; SILICON OXIDES; SODIUM COMPOUNDS; SUBSTRATES; THIN FILMS; TIN OXIDES; TITANATES; TITANIUM OXIDES