skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Annealing temperature and thickness dependence of magnetic properties in epitaxial L1{sub 0}-Mn{sub 1.4}Ga films

Mn{sub 1.4}Ga films with high perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and high crystalline quality were grown on MgO substrates with Cr buffer layer using molecular beam epitaxy. The crystalline structure and the surface morphology of the films have been systematically investigated as functions of in-situ annealing temperature (T{sub a}) and film thickness. It is found that the magnetic properties can be largely tuned by adjusting T{sub a}. As T{sub a} increases, both saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) and uniaxial perpendicular magnetic anisotropy constant (K{sub u}) increase to the maximum values of 612 emu/cc and 18 Merg/cc at 300 °C, respectively, and then decrease. The morphology also changes with T{sub a}, showing a minimum roughness of 2.2 Å at T{sub a} = 450 °C. On the other hand, as the thickness increases, M{sub s} and K{sub u} increase while coercivity decreases, which indicates there is a magnetic dead layer with a thickness of about 1.5 nm at the interfaces. The detailed examination on the surface morphology of the films with various thicknesses shows a complicated film growth process, which can be understood from the relaxation mechanism of the interfacial strain.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576 (Singapore)
  2. Data Storage Institute, 5 Engineering Drive 1, Singapore 117608 (Singapore)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22275671
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANISOTROPY; ANNEALING; COERCIVE FORCE; GALLIUM; INTERFACES; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; LAYERS; MAGNESIUM OXIDES; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; MANGANESE; MOLECULAR BEAM EPITAXY; MORPHOLOGY; RELAXATION; ROUGHNESS; STRAINS; SUBSTRATES; SURFACES; THICKNESS; THIN FILMS