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Title: Sol–gel synthesis of MCM-41 silicas and selective vapor-phase modification of their surface

Silica particles with uniform hexagonal mesopore architecture were synthesized by template directed sol–gel condensation of tetraethoxysilane or mixture of tetraethoxysilane and (3-chloropropyl)triethoxysilane in a water–ethanol–ammonia solution. Selective functionalization of exterior surface of parent materials was carried out by postsynthetic treatment of template-filled MCM-41 and Cl-MCM-41 with vapors of (3-chloropropyl)triethoxysilane and 1,2-ethylenediamine in vacuum. The chemical composition of obtained mesoporous silicas was estimated by IR spectroscopy and chemical analysis of surface products of reactions. Characteristics of porous structure of resulting materials were determined from the data of X-ray, low-temperature nitrogen ad-desorption and transmission electron microscopy measurements. Obtained results confirm invariability of highly ordered mesoporous structure of MCM-41 and Cl-MCM-41 after their selective postsynthetic modification in vapor phase. It was proved that proposed method of vapor-phase functionalization of template-filled starting materials is not accompanied by dissolution of the template and chemical modification of pores surface. This provides preferential localization of grafted functional groups onto the exterior surface of mesoporous silicas. - Graphical abstract: Sol–gel synthesis and postsynthetic chemical modification of template-filled MCM-41 and Cl-MCM-41 with (3-chloropropyl)triethoxysilane and 1,2-ethylenediamine in vapor phase. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Synthesis of MCM-41 silica by template directed sol–gel condensation. • Selective vapor-phase functionalization of template-filled silicamore » particles. • Preferential localization of grafted groups onto the exterior surface of mesoporous silicas.« less
Authors:
;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22274165
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 207; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CHEMICAL ANALYSIS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; DESORPTION; DISSOLUTION; INFRARED SPECTRA; MODIFICATIONS; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARTICLES; POROUS MATERIALS; SILICA; SOLUTIONS; SURFACES; SYNTHESIS; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VAPORS; X RADIATION; X-RAY DIFFRACTION