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Title: Two-dimensional titanium carbonitrides and their hydroxylated derivatives: Structural, electronic properties and stability of MXenes Ti{sub 3}C{sub 2−x}N{sub x}(OH){sub 2} from DFTB calculations

The structural, electronic properties and stability of the new MXene compounds—two-dimensional pristine carbonitrides Ti{sub 3}C{sub 2−x}N{sub x} and their hydroxylated derivatives Ti{sub 3}C{sub 2−x}N{sub x}(OH){sub 2} are studied by means of DFTB calculations. The genesis of the properties is discussed in the sequence: binary MXenes Ti{sub 3}C{sub 2} (Ti{sub 3}N{sub 2})→hydroxylated forms Ti{sub 3}C{sub 2}(OH){sub 2} (Ti{sub 3}N{sub 2}(OH){sub 2})→pristine MXene Ti{sub 3}C{sub 2−x}N{sub x}→hydroxylated Ti{sub 3}C{sub 2−x}N{sub x}(OH){sub 2}. All examined materials are metallic-like. The most favorable type of OH-covering is presented by the occupation of the hollow sites between three neighboring carbon (nitrogen) atoms. Two-dimensional MXene carbonitrides with random distribution of C and N atoms are found to be thermodynamically more favorable. - Graphical abstract: The side views of the optimized atomic structures of some examined hydroxylated derivatives of MXene Ti{sub 3}CN and their electronic band structures. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Very recently 2D titanium carbonitrides have been synthesized. • Structural, electronic properties and stability for these materials were evaluated. • The hydroxylated derivatives of 2D titanium carbonitrides are examined.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22274143
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 207; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; CARBON; CARBONITRIDES; NANOSTRUCTURES; STABILITY; TITANIUM