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Title: Synthesis, crystal structure and luminescence properties of CaY{sub 2−x}Eu{sub x}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 10} (x=0–2)

The novel red emitting phosphors based on CaY{sub 2−x}Eu{sub x}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 10} (x=0–2) have been prepared using both a conventional solid-state reaction and a synthesis route via EDTA-complexing process. Powder XRD study has revealed that CaY{sub 2−x}Eu{sub x}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 10} (x=0.1–0.8, 2.0) crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}/c, Z=4. The trivalent europium ions occupy three different sites (4e) with the C{sub 1} symmetry. The phosphors exhibit a strong red emission under excitations at 250 nm and 393 nm. The light emission efficiency depends on the excitation wavelength, the activator content and the method of synthesis. Appropriate CIE chromaticity coordinates for CaY{sub 1.7}Eu{sub 0.3}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 10} are x=0.54 and y=0.29. - Graphical abstract: The room temperature PL and PLE spectra of CaY{sub 1.2}Eu{sub 0.8}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 10} annealed at different temperatures. Display Omitted - Highlights: • The novel red emitting phosphors based on CaY{sub 2−x}Eu{sub x}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 10} have been prepared. • Effect of synthesis conditions on the surface morphology and luminescence properties of CaY{sub 2−x}Eu{sub x}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 10} has been studied. • Optimum dopant concentrations and annealing temperature have been reported.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22274113
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 206; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ANNEALING; EDTA; EFFICIENCY; ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; EUROPIUM IONS; EXCITATION; GERMANATES; LUMINESCENCE; MONOCLINIC LATTICES; PHOSPHORS; SOLIDS; SPACE GROUPS; SPECTRA; SPECTROSCOPY; SURFACES; SYNTHESIS; WAVELENGTHS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION