skip to main content

SciTech ConnectSciTech Connect

Title: Corrosion behavior of mesoporous transition metal nitrides

Transition metal nitrides (TMN) have many desirable characteristics such as high hardness and good thermal stability under reducing conditions. This work reports an initial survey of the chemical stability of mesoporous TMNs (TM=Nb, V, Cr and Ti) in water at 80 °C at neutral, acidic and alkaline pH. The mesoporous TMNs had specific surface areas of 25–60 m{sup 2}/g with average pore sizes ranging from 10 to 50 nm. The high surface areas of these materials enhance the rate of corrosion per unit mass over that of a bulk material, making detection of corrosion much easier. The products were characterized by Rietveld refinement of powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) patterns and by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Several nitrides have corrosion rates that are, within error, not distinguishable from zero (±1 Å/day). Of the nitrides examined, CrN appears to be the most corrosion resistant under acidic conditions. None of the nitrides studied are corrosion resistant under alkaline conditions. - Graphical abstract: Corrosion behavior of mesoporous transition metal nitrides (TM=Nb, V, Cr and Ti) in acidic and alkaline solutions at 80 °C for 2 weeks. Display Omitted - highlights: • Corrosion rates of mesoporous transition metal nitrides in aqueous solution is reported. •more » The mesoporous TMNs had surface areas of 25–60 m{sup 2}/g. • CrN is the most corrosion resistant under the conditions studied.« less
Authors:
 [1] ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Cornell University, Ithaca 14853-1301, NY (United States)
  2. College of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley 94720-1460, CA (United States)
  3. Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139-4307, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22274070
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 205; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; CHROMIUM NITRIDES; CORROSION; CORROSION RESISTANCE; HARDNESS; NANOSTRUCTURES; POWDERS; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; STABILITY; SURFACE AREA; TRANSITION ELEMENTS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION