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Title: Structural studies of TiC{sub 1−x}O{sub x} solid solution by Rietveld refinement and first-principles calculations

The lattice parameters, structural stability and electronic structure of titanium oxycarbides (TiC{sub 1−x}O{sub x}, 0≤x≤1) solid solution were investigated by Rietveld refinement and first-principles calculations. Series of TiC{sub 1−x}O{sub x} were precisely synthesized by sintering process under the vacuum. Rietveld refinement results of XRD patterns show the properties of continuous solid solution in TiC{sub 1−x}O{sub x} over the whole composition range. The lattice parameters vary from 0.4324 nm to 0.4194 nm decreasing with increasing oxygen concentration. Results of first-principles calculations reveal that the disorder C/O structure is stable than the order C/O structure. Further investigations of the vacancy in Ti{sub 1−Va}(C{sub 1−x}O{sub x}){sub 1−Va} solid solution present that the structure of vacancy segregated in TiO-part is more stable than the disorder C/O structure, which can be ascribed to the Ti–Ti bond across O-vacancy and the charge redistributed around Ti-vacancy via the analysis of the electron density difference plots and PDOS. - Graphical abstract: XRD of series of titanium oxycarbides (TiC{sub 1−x}O{sub x}, 0≤x≤1) solid solution prepared by adjusting the proportion of TiO in the starting material. Highlights: • Titanium oxycarbides were obtained by sintering TiO and TiC under carefully controlled conditions. • Rietveld refinement results show continuous solid solution withmore » FCC structure in TiC{sub 1−x}O{sub x}. • The disorder C/O structure is stable than the order C/O structure. • Introduction of vacancy segregated in TiO-part is more stable than disorder C/O structure. • Ti–Ti bond across O-vacancy and the charge redistributed around Ti-vacancy enhance structural stability.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22274011
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Solid State Chemistry; Journal Volume: 204; Other Information: Copyright (c) 2013 Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, All rights reserved.; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; COMPUTER CALCULATIONS; ELECTRON DENSITY; FCC LATTICES; LATTICE PARAMETERS; OXYCARBIDES; SOLID SOLUTIONS; STABILITY; TITANIUM; TITANIUM CARBIDES; TITANIUM OXIDES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION