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Title: Low temperature crystal structure and magnetic properties of RAl{sub 2}

Low temperature crystal structure and magnetic properties of RAl{sub 2} (R = Pr and Nd) have been studied using temperature dependent powder x-ray diffraction, magnetization, and heat capacity measurements. Unlike PrAl{sub 2}, NdAl{sub 2} retains cubic MgCu{sub 2}-type structure from room temperature down to 5 K, which is also confirmed from first principles electronic structure calculations. The magnetization measurements show both PrAl{sub 2} and NdAl{sub 2} order ferromagnetically at T{sub C} = 32 K and 77 K, respectively. However, the magnetization measurements show the former is a hard ferromagnet compared to the latter which is a soft ferromagnetic material. The magnetic entropy change obtained from heat capacity measurements at ΔH = 30 kOe for PrAl{sub 2} and NdAl{sub 2} are 3.15 J mol{sup −1} K{sup −1} and 1.18 J mol{sup −1} K{sup −1}, respectively.
Authors:
;  [1] ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. The Ames Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3020 (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22273936
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 17; Conference: 55. annual conference on magnetism and magnetic materials, Atlanta, GA (United States), 14-18 Nov 2010; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CRYSTAL STRUCTURE; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; ENTROPY; FERROMAGNETIC MATERIALS; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; NEODYMIUM; POWDERS; PRASEODYMIUM; SPECIFIC HEAT; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TEMPERATURE RANGE 0273-0400 K; X-RAY DIFFRACTION