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Title: Influence of the interface on the magnetic properties of ferromagnetic ultrathin films with various adjacent copper thicknesses

The interface and magnetic properties of two series of films with Ta(5 nm)/Fe{sub 20}Ni{sub 80}Nd{sub 0.017}(3 nm)/Cu(t nm) and Ta(5 nm)/Cu(t nm)/Fe{sub 50}Co{sub 50}Gd{sub 0.07}(3 nm)/Cu(2 nm) structures have been investigated by atomic force microscopy, vibrating sample magnetometer, and ferromagnetic resonance (FMR). The roughness of all films increases with increasing copper thickness, which causes the different grain sizes in the surface of films. The coercivity of FeCo-Gd films increases with increasing thickness of inserted Cu layer while decreases with increasing thickness of Cu capping layer for FeNi-Nd films. FMR linewidth exhibits huge dependence on the thickness of inserted Cu layer for FeCo-Gd films, increasing from 2270 to 3680 Oe, which comes from the additional contribution of effect of the two-magnon scattering. And the thickness of Cu capping layer shows also an influence on FMR linewidth of FeNi-Nd films, increasing from 190 to 320 Oe, which mainly comes from intrinsic FMR linewidth and plus minor inhomogeneous broadening. All of these extrinsic linewidth broadening are related to the interface roughness.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189 (China)
  2. (China)
  3. National Laboratory of Solid Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22273894
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 17; Conference: 55. annual conference on magnetism and magnetic materials, Atlanta, GA (United States), 14-18 Nov 2010; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY; COERCIVE FORCE; COPPER; FERROMAGNETIC RESONANCE; GADOLINIUM; GRAIN SIZE; INTERFACES; IRON; LAYERS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; NEODYMIUM; NICKEL; ROUGHNESS; TANTALUM; THICKNESS; THIN FILMS; VIBRATING SAMPLE MAGNETOMETERS