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Title: Magnetic interactions in a quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnet Cu(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}(en)SO{sub 4}

A theoretical ab-initio investigation of exchange interaction between Cu atoms in an insulating antiferromagnet Cu(H{sub 2}O){sub 2}(en)SO{sub 4}, en = C{sub 2}H{sub 8}N{sub 2}, is reported. While the previous experimental studies described the system's magnetism to be quasi-two-dimensional, our results, based on a mapping of the system onto an effective Heisenberg model, rather support a quasi-one-dimensional character with the exchange coupling between the Cu atoms being propagated mainly along a zigzag line lying in the crystal's bc plane and connecting the Cu atoms through the N atoms. Further, the direction of magnetic moments on the Cu atoms is suggested to be nearly along the crystal's a axis. A check of the change in the exchange constants induced either by external pressure or by various values of U in the GGA + U approximation is made. Finally, based on experimental values of positions of broad maxima in magnetic-susceptibility and specific-heat curves and using theoretical expressions available in the literature a relevant value of the U parameter and related expected value of the electronic gap are estimated to be about 5 eV and 2 eV, respectively.
Authors:
;  [1]
  1. Nanotechnology Centre, VSB–Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava 70833 (Czech Republic)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22273819
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 17; Conference: 55. annual conference on magnetism and magnetic materials, Atlanta, GA (United States), 14-18 Nov 2010; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANTIFERROMAGNETIC MATERIALS; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; APPROXIMATIONS; COPPER SULFATES; CRYSTALS; EXCHANGE INTERACTIONS; HEISENBERG MODEL; HYDRATES; MAGNETIC MOMENTS; MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY; ORGANIC NITROGEN COMPOUNDS; SPECIFIC HEAT