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Title: Synthesis and magnetic properties of single phase titanomagnetites

The focus of this paper is the study of cation distributions and resulting magnetizations in titanomagnetites (TMs), (1−x)Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4−x}Fe{sub 2}TiO{sub 4} solid solutions. TM remnant states are hypothesized to contribute to planetary magnetic field anomalies. This work correlates experimental data with proposed models for the TM pseudobinary. Improved synthesis procedures are reported for single phase Ulvöspinel (Fe{sub 2}TiO{sub 4}), and TM solid solutions were made using solid state synthesis techniques. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy show samples to be single phase solid solutions. M-H curves of TM75, 80, 85, 90, and 95 (TMX where X = at. % of ulvöspinel) were measured using a Physical Property Measurement System at 10 K, in fields of 0 to 8 T. The saturation magnetization was found to be close to that predicted by the Neel model for cation distribution in TMs. M-T curves of the remnant magnetization were measured from 10 K to 350 K. The remnant magnetization was acquired at 10 K by applying an 8 T field and then releasing the field. Experimental Neel temperatures are reported for samples in the Neel model ground state.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)
  2. Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial, Madrid (Spain)
  3. Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, ISOM-ETSIT, Madrid (Spain)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22273755
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 17; Conference: 55. annual conference on magnetism and magnetic materials, Atlanta, GA (United States), 14-18 Nov 2010; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CATIONS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; FERRITES; GROUND STATES; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MAGNETIZATION; NEEL TEMPERATURE; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SOLID SOLUTIONS; SYNTHESIS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TITANIUM COMPOUNDS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION