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Title: Development and intrinsic properties of hexagonal ferromagnetic (Zr,Ti)Fe{sub 2}

Nanocrystalline Ti{sub 0.75}Zr{sub 0.25}Fe{sub 2+x} (x = 0-0.4) and Ti{sub 0.75−y}B{sub y}Zr{sub 0.25}Fe{sub 2.4} (y = 0-0.35) with high saturation magnetization have been fabricated by the melt-spinning technique. Nanocrystalline Ti{sub 0.75}Zr{sub 0.25}Fe{sub 2+x} consists of the hexagonal C14 Laves phase (Ti,Zr)Fe{sub 2}. Fe addition decreases the lattice parameter a and shrinks the cell volume. The antiferromagnetic Fe-Fe interactions may decrease with the increase of x, leading to a significant enhancement of saturation polarization (J{sub s}) and Curie temperature (T{sub c}). The magnetocrystalline anisotropy constant K also increases with increasing x. Excessive Fe addition (x > 0.25) may induce structural disorder which lowers the J{sub s} and T{sub c}. Nanocrystalline Ti{sub 0.75−y}B{sub y}Zr{sub 0.25}Fe{sub 2.4} is composed of hexagonal (Ti,Zr)Fe{sub 2} and Fe-rich amorphous phases with relatively high J{sub s}. The lattice parameters a, c and cell volume V are almost unchanged with the increase of y for y ≥ 0.16. Simultaneously, the T{sub c} of (Ti,Zr)Fe{sub 2} remains unchanged, indicating that B does not enter this lattice but takes part in forming the amorphous phase, in good agreement with the X-ray diffraction results. The volume fraction of the amorphous phase increases with the increase of B content and results in a large enhancement of J{sub s} up tomore » 10.8 kG. Further B addition (y > 0.30) decreases J{sub s}, possibly due to the decrease of the J{sub s} of the amorphous phase.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Nebraska Center for Materials and Nanoscience, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68588 (United States)
  2. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22273709
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 17; Conference: 55. annual conference on magnetism and magnetic materials, Atlanta, GA (United States), 14-18 Nov 2010; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; AMORPHOUS STATE; ANISOTROPY; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CRYSTALS; CURIE POINT; FERROMAGNETIC MATERIALS; INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS; IRON; LATTICE PARAMETERS; LAVES PHASES; MAGNETIZATION; NANOSTRUCTURES; POLARIZATION; TITANIUM; X-RAY DIFFRACTION; ZINC