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Title: Scandium resonant impurity level in PbTe

We synthesize a scandium-doped PbTe single-crystal ingot and investigate the phase and the elemental composition as well as galvanomagnetic properties of Pb{sub 1-y}Sc{sub y}Te alloys in weak magnetic fields (4.2 K ≤ T ≤ 300 K, B ≤ 0.07 T) upon varying the scandium content (y ≤ 0.02). We find that all investigated samples are single-phase and n-type. The distribution of scandium impurities along the axis of the ingot is estimated to be exponential. An increase of scandium impurity content leads to a monotonous growth of the free electron concentration by four orders of magnitude (approximately from 10{sup 16} cm{sup −3} to 10{sup 20} cm{sup −3}). In heavily doped alloys (y > 0.01), the free electron concentration at the liquid-helium temperature tends to saturation, indicating the pinning of the Fermi energy by the scandium resonant impurity level located on the background of the conduction band. Using the two-band Kane and six-band Dimmock dispersion relations for IV-VI semiconductors, dependences of the Fermi energy measured from the bottom of the conduction band E{sub c} on the scandium impurity content are calculated and the energy of the resonant scandium level is estimated to be E{sub Sc} ≈ E{sub c} + 280 meV. Diagrams of electronic structure rearrangement of Pb{sub 1-y}Sc{sub y}Te alloys upon doping are proposed.
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3]
  1. Faculty of Physics, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)
  2. Faculty of Chemistry, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)
  3. Institute of Materials Science Problems, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Chernovtsy 58001 (Ukraine)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22273695
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 13; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; APPROXIMATIONS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DISPERSION RELATIONS; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; ELECTRONS; LEAD ALLOYS; LEAD TELLURIDES; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MONOCRYSTALS; SCANDIUM; SCANDIUM ALLOYS; SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIALS; TELLURIUM ALLOYS