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Title: Dynamics of femtosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures on silicon by high spatial and temporal resolution imaging

The formation dynamics of periodic ripples induced by femtosecond laser pulses (pulse duration τ = 50 fs and central wavelength λ = 800 nm) are studied by a collinear pump-probe imaging technique with a temporal resolution of 1 ps and a spatial resolution of 440 nm. The ripples with periods close to the laser wavelength begin to appear upon irradiation of two pump pulses at surface defects produced by the prior one. The rudiments of periodic ripples emerge in the initial tens of picoseconds after fs laser irradiation, and the ripple positions keep unmoved until the formation processes complete mainly in a temporal span of 1500 ps. The results suggest that the periodic deposition of laser energy during the interaction between femtosecond laser pulses and sample surface plays a dominant role in the formation of periodic ripples.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ; ; ;  [1]
  1. State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China)
  2. (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22273645
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 14; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; DEPOSITION; LASER RADIATION; PERIODICITY; PULSED IRRADIATION; SILICON; SPATIAL RESOLUTION; SURFACES