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Title: Photoluminescence spectroscopy of YVO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} nanoparticles with aromatic linker molecules: A precursor to biomedical functionalization

Photoluminescence spectra of YVO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} nanoparticles are presented, with and without the attachment of organic molecules that are proposed for linking to biomolecules. YVO{sub 4}:Eu{sup 3+} nanoparticles with 5% dopant concentration were synthesized via wet chemical synthesis. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy show the expected wakefieldite structure of tetragonal particles with an average size of 17 nm. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy determines that metal-carboxylate coordination is successful in replacing native metal-hydroxyl bonds with three organic linkers, namely, benzoic acid, 3-nitro 4-chloro-benzoic acid, and 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, in separate treatments. UV-excitation photoluminescence spectra show that the position and intensity of the dominant {sup 5}D{sub 0} – {sup 7}F{sub 2} electric-dipole transition at 619 nm are unaffected by the benzoic acid and 3-nitro 4-chloro-benzoic acid treatments. Attachment of 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid produces an order-of-magnitude quenching in the photoluminescence, due to the presence of high-frequency vibrational modes in the linker. Ratios of the dominant electric- and magnetic-dipole transitions confirm infrared measurements, which indicate that the bulk crystal of the nanoparticle is unchanged by all three treatments.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506-6315 (United States)
  2. C. Eugene Bennett Department of Chemistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506-6045 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22273485
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 16; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; BENZOIC ACID; CONCENTRATION RATIO; CRYSTALS; E1-TRANSITIONS; EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY; EUROPIUM IONS; EXCITATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; M1-TRANSITIONS; MOLECULES; NANOSTRUCTURES; PARTICLES; PHOTOLUMINESCENCE; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; VANADATES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION