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Title: Optical properties of titanium dioxide nanotube arrays

We present experimental measurements and a theoretical analysis of the near UV to NIR optical properties of free standing titania nanotube arrays. An improved understanding of the optical physics of this type of nanostructure is important to several next generation solar energy conversion technologies. We measured the transmission, reflection, and absorption of the electromagnetic spectrum from 300 nm to 1000 nm (UV to NIR) of titania nanotube arrays. We measured the total, specular, and diffuse reflection and transmission using both single point detection and an integrating sphere spectrometer. We find that the transmission, but not the reflection, of light (UV to NIR) through the nanotube array is well-explained by classic geometric optics using an effective medium model taking into account the conical geometry of the nanotubes. For wavelengths shorter than ∼500 nm, we find the surprising result that the reflection coefficient for light incident on the open side of the nanotube array is greater than the reflection coefficient for light incident on the closed “floor” of the nanotube array. We consider theoretical models based on the eikonal approximation, photonic crystal band theory, and a statistical treatment of scattering to explain the observed data. We attribute the fact that light with wavelengths shorter thanmore » 500 nm is more highly reflected from the open than the closed tube side as being due to disorder scattering inside the nanotube array.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [1] ; ;  [3]
  1. Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States)
  2. (United States)
  3. Department of Chemical Engineering, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, New York, 14623 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22271286
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ABSORPTION SPECTRA; BAND THEORY; CRYSTALS; EIKONAL APPROXIMATION; INFRARED SPECTRA; NANOTUBES; REFLECTION; SPECTRAL REFLECTANCE; TITANIUM OXIDES; ULTRAVIOLET SPECTRA; VISIBLE RADIATION; VISIBLE SPECTRA