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Title: Inductance due to spin current

The inductance of spintronic devices that transport charge neutral spin currents is discussed. It is known that in a media that contains charge neutral spins, a time-varying electric field induces a spin current. We show that since the spin current itself produces an electric field, this implies existence of inductance and electromotive force when the spin current changes with time. The relations between the electromotive force and the corresponding flux, which is a vector calculated by the cross product of electric field and the trajectory of the device, are clarified. The relativistic origin generally renders an extremely small inductance, which indicates the advantage of spin current in building low inductance devices. The same argument also explains the inductance due to electric dipole current and applies to physical dipoles consist of polarized bound charges.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22271223
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; CHARGE TRANSPORT; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; ELECTRIC CURRENTS; ELECTRIC DIPOLES; ELECTRIC FIELDS; ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE; INDUCTANCE; POLARIZATION; SPIN