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Title: Poole-Frenkel effect on electrical characterization of Al-doped ZnO films deposited on p-type GaN

This paper presents the electrical properties of Al-doped ZnO (AZO) films directly grown on two types of p-type GaN thin films. The low-pressure p-GaN thin films (LP-p-GaN) exhibited structural properties of high-density edge-type threading dislocations (TDs) and compensated defects (i.e., nitrogen vacancy). Compared with high-pressure p-GaN thin films (HP-p-GaN), X-ray photoemission spectroscopy of Ga 3d core levels indicated that the surface Fermi-level shifted toward the higher binding-energy side by approximately 0.7 eV. The high-density edge-type TDs and compensated defects enabled surface Fermi-level shifting above the intrinsic Fermi-level, causing the surface of LP-p-GaN thin films to invert to n-type semiconductor. A highly nonlinear increase in leakage current regarding reverse-bias voltage was observed for AZO/LP-p-GaN. The theoretical fits for the reverse-bias voltage region indicated that the field-assisted thermal ionization of carriers from defect associated traps, which is known as the Poole-Frenkel effect, dominated the I-V behavior of AZO/LP-p-GaN. The fitting result estimated the trap energy level at 0.62 eV below the conduction band edge. In addition, the optical band gap increased from 3.50 eV for as-deposited AZO films to 3.62 eV for 300 °C annealed AZO films because of the increased carrier concentration. The increasing Fermi-level of the 300 °C annealed AZO films enabled the carrier transport tomore » move across the interface into the LP-p-GaN thin films without any thermal activated energy. Thus, the Ohmic behavior of AZO contact can be achieved directly on the low-pressure p-GaN films at room temperature.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ; ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Graduate Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering and Department of Electronic Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)
  2. Department of Electronic Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China)
  3. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Yuan Ze University, Chung-Li 320, Taiwan (China)
  4. Institute of Electro-Optical Engineering and Department of Electronic Engineering, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan 333, Taiwan (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22271198
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM COMPOUNDS; ANNEALING; BINDING ENERGY; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; CONCENTRATION RATIO; DISLOCATIONS; DOPED MATERIALS; ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY; FERMI LEVEL; GALLIUM NITRIDES; INTERFACES; LEAKAGE CURRENT; PHOTOEMISSION; P-TYPE CONDUCTORS; THIN FILMS; VACANCIES; ZINC OXIDES