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Title: Femtosecond single-beam direct laser poling of stable and efficient second-order nonlinear optical properties in glass

We depict a new approach for the localized creation in three dimensions (3D) of a highly demanded nonlinear optical function for integrated optics, namely second harmonic generation. We report on the nonlinear optical characteristics induced by single-beam femtosecond direct laser writing in a tailored silver-containing phosphate glass. The original spatial distribution of the nonlinear pattern, composed of four lines after one single laser writing translation, is observed and modeled with success, demonstrating the electric field induced origin of the second harmonic generation. These efficient second-order nonlinear structures (with χ{sub eff}{sup (2)} ∼ 0.6 pm V{sup −1}) with sub-micron scale are impressively stable under thermal constraint up to glass transition temperature, which makes them very promising for new photonic applications, especially when 3D nonlinear architectures are desired.
Authors:
; ; ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Univ. Bordeaux, LOMA, UMR 5798, F-33400 Talence, France and CNRS, LOMA, UMR 5798, F-33400 Talence (France)
  2. (France)
  3. Univ. Bordeaux, ISM, UMR 5255, F-33400 Talence, France and CNRS, ISM, UMR 5255, F-33400 Talence (France)
  4. CNRS, ICMCB, UPR 9048, F-33608 Pessac, France and Univ. Bordeaux, ICMCB, UPR 9048, F-33400 Pessac (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22271192
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 11; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ELECTRIC FIELDS; HARMONIC GENERATION; LASER RADIATION; LIMITING VALUES; NONLINEAR PROBLEMS; OPTICAL PROPERTIES; OPTICS; PHOSPHATE GLASS; SILVER; SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE