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Title: Structural phase transitions of robust insulating Bi{sub 1-x}La{sub x}Fe{sub 1-y}Ti{sub y}O{sub 3} multiferroics

In contrast to leaky BiFeO{sub 3}, of which two structural phase transitions of cycloidal modulated antiferromagnetic-paramagnetic and ferroelectric-paraelectric are observed below 850 °C, chemical co-substitution to form Bi{sub 1−x}La{sub x}Fe{sub 1−y}Ti{sub y}O{sub 3} ternary solid solution makes these multiferroic ceramics become robust insulating low dielectric loss and exhibit rich structural phase transitions. Differential thermal analysis and temperature-dependent X-ray diffraction measurements probe four first-order structural phase transitions, e.g., T{sub H} = 305 °C, T{sub N} = 365 °C, T{sub C} = 810 °C, and T{sub S} = 830 °C observed in the Bi{sub 0.98}La{sub 0.02}Fe{sub 0.99}Ti{sub 0.01}O{sub 3} system, which are reasonably attributed to Brazovskii-type cycloidal modulated antiferromagnetic-helimagnetic (at T{sub H}) and helimagnetic-paramagnetic (at T{sub N}) magnetic phase transitions, ferroelectric-paraelectric (at T{sub C}) and rhombohedral-cubic (at T{sub S}) structural phase transitions, respectively. Magnetic phase transition temperatures change a little but ferroelectric and lattice structural phase transition temperatures decrease gradually with increasing co-substitution up to composition-induced rhombohedral-(pseudo-)cubic structural phase boundary. The first-order nature of magnetic phase transition and emergence of helimagnetic phase were attributed to Ti{sup 3+} d{sup 1} magnetic disorder distribution in the Fe{sup 3+} d{sup 5}-O-Fe{sup 3+} d{sup 5} chains, while the first-order nature becomes weak with increasing co-substitution, owing to decreased ferroelectric rhombohedral lattice distortion. An intermediate rhombohedral paraelectric phase is discoveredmore » intervening between ferroelectric rhombohedral and paraelectric cubic phase, of which the temperature range defined by difference between T{sub C} and T{sub S} increases with increasing co-substitution. It was found that T{sub C} and T{sub S} are able to be predicted quantitatively by reduced mass of unit cell. These findings enrich our understanding of ferroic phase transitions and advance designing novel high temperature multiferroic compounds.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Functional Materials Research Laboratory, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China)
  2. Materials and Structures Laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama 226-8503 (Japan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22271121
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 12; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ANTIFERROMAGNETISM; BISMUTH COMPOUNDS; CERAMICS; DIFFERENTIAL THERMAL ANALYSIS; FERRITES; FERROELECTRIC MATERIALS; IRON IONS; PARAMAGNETISM; PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS; RELAXATION LOSSES; SOLID SOLUTIONS; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; TITANATES; TITANIUM IONS; TRANSITION TEMPERATURE; TRIGONAL LATTICES; X-RAY DIFFRACTION