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Title: Effect of low-temperature annealing on the electronic- and band-structures of (Ga,Mn)As epitaxial layers

The effect of outdiffusion of Mn interstitials from (Ga,Mn)As epitaxial layers, caused by post-growth low-temperature annealing, on their electronic- and band-structure properties has been investigated by modulation photoreflectance (PR) spectroscopy. The annealing-induced changes in structural and magnetic properties of the layers were examined with high-resolution X-ray diffractometry and superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry, respectively. They confirmed an outdiffusion of Mn interstitials from the layers and an enhancement in their hole concentration, which were more efficient for the layer covered with a Sb cap acting as a sink for diffusing Mn interstitials. The PR results demonstrating a decrease in the band-gap-transition energy in the as-grown (Ga,Mn)As layers, with respect to that in the reference GaAs one, are interpreted by assuming a merging of the Mn-related impurity band with the GaAs valence band. Whereas an increase in the band-gap-transition energy caused by the annealing treatment of the (Ga,Mn)As layers is interpreted as a result of annealing-induced enhancement of the free-hole concentration and the Fermi level location within the valence band. The experimental results are consistent with the valence-band origin of itinerant holes mediating ferromagnetic ordering in (Ga,Mn)As, in agreement with the Zener model for ferromagnetic semiconductors.
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ; ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Institute of Physics, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, 20-031 Lublin (Poland)
  2. Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 02-668 Warsaw (Poland)
  3. (Sweden)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22271091
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: (c) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY; ANNEALING; CONCENTRATION RATIO; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; EPITAXY; FERMI LEVEL; FERROMAGNETISM; GALLIUM ARSENIDES; HOLES; INTERSTITIALS; LAYERS; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MANGANESE ARSENIDES; SPECTRAL REFLECTANCE; SQUID DEVICES; TEMPERATURE DEPENDENCE; VALENCE; X-RAY DIFFRACTION