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Title: Design and development of liquid filled polymeric fibers with flexure rate viscoelastic properties

The design and development of a novel category of bi-component polymeric fibers, made of a polymeric sheath and a liquid core is described. To understand and to analyze the flow of molten polymer and liquid within a spin pack, we built a macroscale analogon where co-flow of polymer and liquid is investigated systematically. The macroscale analogon is composed of a glass cylinder with a finite length and a coaxial capillary. The inner fluid flows in the capillary and at its outlet meets the outer fluid flowing inside the glass cylinder. The fluids are pumped into the setup using pressurized bottles with controlled flow rates. A high-speed camera is placed in front of the glass cylinder to record the transient and the steady flow of the two phases and the morphology of their interface during co-flow. We systematically analyzed the combination of various fluids and different injection channel geometries, and used these findings to design a customized spin pack. Extrusion trials with molten polymers and specific liquids resulted in the production of liquid filled polymeric fibers (LFF) with different amounts of liquid from 3% to 33%vol. and diameters from 150μm to 1mm. Fiber morphology has been investigated with the help ofmore » optical microscopy and computer tomography, in order to analyze both surface and core morphology. Mechanical characterization of fibers has been carried out with special care to the damping capacity of such fibers using two different methods: two point bending tests to evaluate the energy dissipation of fibers upon bending at low frequency values (0.005-0.5Hz), and analysis of vibration reduction to determine the quality factor at the resonance frequency of the 1{sup st} and 3{sup rd} vibration mode.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. EMPA, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Lerchenfeldstrasse 5, 9014-CH St. Gallen (Switzerland)
  2. Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22270989
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: AIP Conference Proceedings; Journal Volume: 1593; Journal Issue: 1; Conference: PPS-29: 29. international conference of the Polymer Processing Society, Nuremberg (Germany), 15-19 Jul 2013; Other Information: (c) 2014 American Institute of Physics; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; BENDING; CAPILLARIES; COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY; ELASTICITY; EXTRUSION; FIBERS; GLASS; INTERFACES; LIQUIDS; MORPHOLOGY; OPTICAL MICROSCOPY; POLYMERS; STEADY FLOW; SURFACES; TWO-PHASE FLOW; VISCOSITY