skip to main content

Title: SURVIVAL OF INTERSTELLAR MOLECULES TO PRESTELLAR DENSE CORE COLLAPSE AND EARLY PHASES OF DISK FORMATION

An outstanding question of astrobiology is the link between the chemical composition of planets, comets, and other solar system bodies and the molecules formed in the interstellar medium. Understanding the chemical and physical evolution of the matter leading to the formation of protoplanetary disks is an important step for this. We provide some new clues to this long-standing problem using three-dimensional chemical simulations of the early phases of disk formation: we interfaced the full gas-grain chemical model Nautilus with the radiation-magnetohydrodynamic model RAMSES, for different configurations and intensities of the magnetic field. Our results show that the chemical content (gas and ices) is globally conserved during the collapsing process, from the parent molecular cloud to the young disk surrounding the first Larson core. A qualitative comparison with cometary composition suggests that comets are constituted of different phases, some molecules being direct tracers of interstellar chemistry, while others, including complex molecules, seem to have been formed in disks, where higher densities and temperatures allow for an active grain surface chemistry. The latter phase, and its connection with the formation of the first Larson core, remains to be modeled.
Authors:
 [1] ; ; ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Chemistry, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904 (United States)
  2. University of Bordeaux, LAB, UMR 5804, F-33270 Floirac (France)
  3. Laboratoire de radioastronomie, LERMA, Observatoire de Paris, Ecole Normale Supérieure (UMR 8112 CNRS), 24 rue Lhomond, F-75231 Paris Cedex 05 (France)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22270931
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 775; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; CLOUDS; COMETS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; COSMOCHEMISTRY; INTERSTELLAR SPACE; MAGNETIC FIELDS; MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS; MOLECULES; PLANETS; PROTOPLANETS; SOLAR SYSTEM; STARS; THREE-DIMENSIONAL CALCULATIONS