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Title: RESOLVING THE COSMIC FAR-INFRARED BACKGROUND AT 450 AND 850 μm WITH SCUBA-2

We use the SCUBA-2 submillimeter camera mounted on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope to obtain extremely deep number counts at 450 and 850 μm. We combine data on two cluster lensing fields, A1689 and A370, and three blank fields, CDF-N, CDF-S, and COSMOS, to measure the counts over a wide flux range at each wavelength. We use statistical fits to broken power law representations to determine the number counts. This allows us to probe to the deepest possible level in the data. At both wavelengths our results agree well with the literature in the flux range over which they have been measured, with the exception of the 850 μm counts in CDF-S, where we do not observe the counts deficit found by previous single-dish observations. At 450 μm, we detect significant counts down to ∼1 mJy, an unprecedented depth at this wavelength. By integrating the number counts above this flux limit, we measure 113.9{sup +49.7}{sub -28.4} Jy deg{sup –2} of the 450 μm extragalactic background light (EBL). The majority of this contribution is from sources with S{sub 450{sub μm}} between 1-10 mJy, and these sources are likely to be the ones that are analogous to the local luminous infrared galaxies.more » At 850 μm, we measure 37.3{sup +21.1}{sub -12.9} Jy deg{sup –2} of the EBL. Because of the large systematic uncertainties on the COBE measurements, the percentage of the EBL we resolve could range from 48%-153% (44%-178%) at 450 (850) μm. Based on high-resolution Submillimeter Array observations of around half of the 4 σ 850 μm sample in CDF-N, we find that 12.5{sup +12.1}{sub -6.8}% of the sources are blends of multiple fainter sources. This is a low multiple fraction, and we find no significant difference between our original SCUBA-2 850 μm counts and the multiplicity-corrected counts.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)
  2. Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22270815
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 776; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; CAMERAS; COSMOLOGY; FAR INFRARED RADIATION; FERMILAB COLLIDER DETECTOR; GALAXIES; GALAXY CLUSTERS; GRAVITATIONAL LENSES; MULTIPLICITY; RESOLUTION; TELESCOPES; UNIVERSE; VISIBLE RADIATION; WAVELENGTHS