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Title: AN ARCHIVAL Chandra AND XMM-Newton SURVEY OF TYPE 2 QUASARS

In order to investigate obscuration in high-luminosity type 2 active galactic nuclei (AGNs), we analyzed Chandra and XMM-Newton archival observations for 71 type 2 quasars detected at 0.05 < z < 0.73, which were selected based on their [O III] λ5007 emission lines. For 54 objects with good spectral fits, the observed hard X-ray luminosity ranges from 2 × 10{sup 41} to 5.3 × 10{sup 44} erg s{sup –1}, with a median of 1.1 × 10{sup 43} erg s{sup –1}. We find that the means of the column density and photon index of our sample are log N{sub H} = 22.9 cm{sup –2} and Γ = 1.87, respectively. From simulations using a more physically realistic model, we find that the absorbing column density estimates based on simple power-law models significantly underestimate the actual absorption in approximately half of the sources. Eleven sources show a prominent Fe Kα emission line (EW>100 eV in the rest frame) and we detect this line in the other sources through a joint fit (spectral stacking). The correlation between the Fe Kα and [O III] fluxes and the inverse correlation of the equivalent width of the Fe Kα line with the ratio of hard X-ray andmore » [O III] fluxes is consistent with previous results for lower luminosity Seyfert 2 galaxies. We conclude that obscuration is the cause of the weak hard X-ray emission rather than intrinsically low X-ray luminosities. We find that about half of the population of optically selected type 2 quasars are likely to be Compton thick. We also find no evidence that the amount of X-ray obscuration depends on the AGN luminosity (over a range of more than three orders of magnitude in luminosity)« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  2. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22270687
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 777; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; APPROXIMATIONS; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; CORRELATIONS; EV RANGE; GALAXY NUCLEI; HARD X RADIATION; IRON; LUMINOSITY; OXYGEN IONS; PHOTONS; QUASARS; SEYFERT GALAXIES; X-RAY GALAXIES