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Title: TURBULENCE IN THE INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM: SOLENOIDAL AND DILATATIONAL MOTIONS AND THE IMPACT OF NUMERICAL VISCOSITY

We use a suite of cosmological hydrodynamical simulations, run by two fixed grid codes, to investigate the properties of solenoidal and dilatational motions of the intergalactic medium (IGM) and the impact of numerical viscosity on turbulence in an ΛCDM universe. The codes differ only in the spatial difference discretization. We find that (1) The vortical motion grows rapidly since z = 2 and reaches ∼10 km s{sup –1}-90 km s{sup –1} at z = 0. Meanwhile, the small-scale compressive ratio r{sub CS} drops from 0.84 to 0.47, indicating comparable vortical and compressive motions at z = 0. (2) Power spectra of the solenoidal velocity possess two regimes, ∝k {sup –0.89} and ∝k {sup –2.02}, while the total and dilatational velocity follow the scaling k {sup –1.88} and k {sup –2.20}, respectively, in the turbulent range. The IGM turbulence may contain two distinct phases, the supersonic and post-supersonic phases. (3) The non-thermal pressure support, measured by the vortical kinetic energy, is comparable with the thermal pressure for ρ{sub b} ≅ 10-100, or T < 10{sup 5.5} K at z = 0.0. The deviation of the baryon fraction from the cosmic mean shows a preliminary positive correlation with the turbulence pressure support.more » (4) A relatively higher numerical viscosity would dissipate both the compressive and vortical motions of the IGM into thermal energy more effectively, resulting in less developed vorticity, remarkably shortened inertial range, and leading to a non-negligible uncertainty in the thermal history of gas accretion. Shocks in regions outside of clusters are significantly suppressed by numerical viscosity since z = 2, which may directly cause the different levels of turbulence between the two codes.« less
Authors:
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210092 (China)
  2. Purple Mountain Observatory, Nanjing, 210008 (China)
  3. School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)
  4. Division of Applied Mathematics, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912 (United States)
  5. Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22270666
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 777; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; COMPUTER CODES; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; CORRELATIONS; COSMOLOGY; HYDRODYNAMICS; KINETIC ENERGY; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; TURBULENCE; UNIVERSE; VELOCITY; VISCOSITY