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Title: SEXTANS' COLD SUBSTRUCTURES AS A DYNAMICAL JUDGE: CORE, CUSP, OR MOND?

The cold dark matter model predicts cuspy dark matter (DM) halos. However, it has been found that in some low-mass galaxies, cored dark halos provide a better description of their internal dynamics. Here we give constraints on the dark halo profile in the Sextans dwarf spheroidal galaxy by studying the longevity of two cold kinematic substructures detected in this galaxy. We perform N-body simulations of a stellar clump in the Sextans dwarf galaxy, including a live DM halo and the main stellar component. We find that if the dark halo is cuspy, stellar clumps orbiting with semi-major axis ≈400 pc are disrupted in ∼5 Gyr, even if the clump is initially as compact stellar cluster with a radius of r{sub c} = 5 pc. Stellar clusters in an initial orbit with semi-major axis ≤250 pc may survive to dissolution, but their orbits decay toward the center by dynamical friction. In contrast, the stellar clumps can persist for a Hubble time within a cored DM halo, even if the initial clump's radius is as extended as r{sub c} = 80 pc. We also study the evolution of the clump in the MONDian context. In this scenario, we find that even anmore » extended stellar clump with radius r{sub c} = 80 pc survives for a Hubble time, but an unrealistic value for the stellar mass-to-light ratio of 9.2 is needed.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Astronomisches Rechen-Institut, Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Mönchhofstr. 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)
  2. Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, AP 70-264, 04510 D.F. (Mexico)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22270634
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 777; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; GALAXIES; LIMITING VALUES; MASS; NONLUMINOUS MATTER; ORBITS; STAR CLUSTERS; VISIBLE RADIATION