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Title: FINDING THE FIRST COSMIC EXPLOSIONS. I. PAIR-INSTABILITY SUPERNOVAE

The first stars are the key to the formation of primitive galaxies, early cosmological reionization and chemical enrichment, and the origin of supermassive black holes. Unfortunately, in spite of their extreme luminosities, individual Population III (Pop III) stars will likely remain beyond the reach of direct observation for decades to come. However, their properties could be revealed by their supernova explosions, which may soon be detected by a new generation of near-IR (NIR) observatories such as JWST and WFIRST. We present light curves and spectra for Pop III pair-instability supernovae calculated with the Los Alamos radiation hydrodynamics code RAGE. Our numerical simulations account for the interaction of the blast with realistic circumstellar envelopes, the opacity of the envelope, and Lyman absorption by the neutral intergalactic medium at high redshift, all of which are crucial to computing the NIR signatures of the first cosmic explosions. We find that JWST will detect pair-instability supernovae out to z ∼> 30, WFIRST will detect them in all-sky surveys out to z ∼ 15-20, and LSST and Pan-STARRS will find them at z ∼< 7-8. The discovery of these ancient explosions will probe the first stellar populations and reveal the existence of primitive galaxies thatmore » might not otherwise have been detected.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8]
  1. T-2, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)
  2. CCS-2, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)
  3. HPC-3, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)
  4. XTD-6, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)
  5. Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States)
  6. Enrico Fermi Institute, Department of Physics, and Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)
  7. Monash Centre for Astrophysics, Monash University, Victoria 3800 (Australia)
  8. Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UCSC, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22270612
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 777; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; BLACK HOLES; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; COSMOLOGY; GALAXIES; HYDRODYNAMICS; LUMINOSITY; NEAR INFRARED RADIATION; OPACITY; R CODES; RADIANT HEAT TRANSFER; RED SHIFT; SHOCK WAVES; SUPERNOVAE; UNIVERSE