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Title: HYDROGEN BURNING ON ACCRETING WHITE DWARFS: STABILITY, RECURRENT NOVAE, AND THE POST-NOVA SUPERSOFT PHASE

We examine the properties of white dwarfs (WDs) accreting hydrogen-rich matter in and near the stable burning regime of accretion rates as modeled by time-dependent calculations done with Modules for Experiments in Stellar Astrophysics (MESA). We report the stability boundary for WDs of masses between 0.51 M{sub ☉} and 1.34 M{sub ☉} as found via time-dependent calculations. We also examine recurrent novae that are accreting at rates close to, but below, the stable burning limit and report their recurrence times. Our dense grid in accretion rates finds the expected minimum possible recurrence times as a function of the WD mass. This enables inferences to be made about the minimum WD mass possible to reach a specific recurrence time. We compare our computational models of post-outburst novae to the stably burning WDs and explicitly calculate the duration and effective temperature (T{sub eff}) of the post-nova WD in the supersoft phase. We agree with the measured turnoff time-T{sub eff} relation in M31 by Henze and collaborators, infer WD masses in the 1.0-1.3 M{sub ☉} range, and predict ejection masses consistent with those observed. We close by commenting on the importance of the hot helium layer generated by stable or unstable hydrogen burningmore » for the short- and long-term evolution of accreting WDs.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States)
  2. Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22270592
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Astrophysical Journal; Journal Volume: 777; Journal Issue: 2; Other Information: Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY; ASTRONOMY; ASTROPHYSICS; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; HELIUM; HYDROGEN; HYDROGEN BURNING; MASS; NOVAE; STAR ACCRETION; STAR EVOLUTION; TIME DEPENDENCE; WHITE DWARF STARS; X RADIATION