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Title: Ignition and extinction phenomena in helium micro hollow cathode discharges

Micro hollow cathode discharges (MHCD) were produced using 250 μm thick dielectric layer of alumina sandwiched between two nickel electrodes of 8 μm thickness. A through cavity at the center of the chip was formed by laser drilling technique. MHCD with a diameter of few hundreds of micrometers allowed us to generate direct current discharges in helium at up to atmospheric pressure. A slowly varying ramped voltage generator was used to study the ignition and the extinction periods of the microdischarges. The analysis was performed by using electrical characterisation of the V-I behaviour and the measurement of He*({sup 3}S{sub 1}) metastable atoms density by tunable diode laser spectroscopy. At the ignition of the microdischarges, 2 μs long current peak as high as 24 mA was observed, sometimes followed by low amplitude damped oscillations. At helium pressure above 400 Torr, an oscillatory behaviour of the discharge current was observed just before the extinction of the microdischarges. The same type of instability in the extinction period at high pressure also appeared on the density of He*({sup 3}S{sub 1}) metastable atoms, but delayed by a few μs relative to the current oscillations. Metastable atoms thus cannot be at the origin of the generation of the observed instabilities.
Authors:
; ; ; ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. GREMI, CNRS/Université d'Orléans (UMR7344), Orléans (France)
  2. LIPhy, CNRS and Universite Joseph Fourier (UMR5588), Grenoble (France)
  3. (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
22267759
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics; Journal Volume: 114; Journal Issue: 24; Other Information: (c) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC; Country of input: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; ALUMINIUM OXIDES; AMPLITUDES; ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE; DIELECTRIC MATERIALS; DIRECT CURRENT; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; HELIUM; HOLLOW CATHODES; IGNITION; INSTABILITY; LASER DRILLING; LASER SPECTROSCOPY; NICKEL; OSCILLATIONS; THICKNESS